National Association of Village Development Committees in Nepal (NAVIN) was established in the year 1995 as an umbrella organization to represent and provide support to Nepal’s 3,157 VDCs. NAVIN is the only representative association of the VDCs at the national level established under National Directive Act 1961. NAVIN has been able to establish itself as a credible organization in strengthening decentralization process in Nepal.
According to the NAVIN Constitution, the core mandates of NAVIN are:
- Protection and expansion of VDCs rights and interest as local self government
- Coordination and sharing of experiences and best practices among VDCs for the overall development of rural communities
- Organizational development, institutional strengthening, and mobilization of all VDCs in effective public service delivery.
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NAVIN is the representative association of all the VDCs in Nepal, established under National Directive Act, 2018 B.S. According to its Constitution (NAVIN Bidhan, 2055), the core mandates of NAVIN are:
• Lobby/Advocacy and promotion of democratic, functioning and inclusive local self governance system and structure
• Representation of VDCs in national and sub-national level, protection and expansion of VDCs rights and interests
• Coordination and sharing of experiences among VDCs for the overall development of rural communities
• Organizational development, strengthening, and mobilization of all VDCs in line with the principles and practices of local self governance and multiparty democracy
Vision, Mission, Goal and Objective of NAVIN
To be a proper professional representative organization of VDCs, contributing towards develop them as efficient, effective, transparent and responsive local government.
To empower VDCs by representing and promoting their interests and strengthening their institutional capacity for decentralized local self-governance and effective service delivery to the people.
- Address Policy environment supportive to local self-governance and interest of VDCs effectively
- Strengthen Institutional capacity of VDCs as local governments
- Strengthen organizational and professional capacity of NAVIN
- Development as per the principle of multiparty democracy, decentralization and local self-governance
- Coordination and cooperation among VDCs
- Platform for raising and exchanging VDCs’ issues and problems
- Mobilization of resources for VDCs and provide necessary skill oriented and capacity development training for them
NAVIN’s organizational structure has two levels; political structure and professional structure.
NAVINs organization structure has, at the first level, District Committee in each of the 75 districts. A District Conference comprising of the chairperson, vice chairperson and 2 ward members (including 1 woman member) from all VDCs of each district, select the District Committee. These selected District Committee members from 75 districts participate in the General Convention, where the Central Council is formed. District chair as ex-officio member and four Members elected by district conference meeting including one woman from each district represent the General Convention. The Central Council members elect to form the Central Executive Committee.
The Central Executive Committee would be liable for the day-to-day management of NAVIN. However, it would not be possible for all the Central Executive Committee members to meet often as they have their responsibilities of their own VDCs. Hence, an internal arrangement has been made, whereby the Central Working Committee (consisting of six members of Central Executive Committee) act as the deciding body for secretariat operation and the secretariat personnel carry out their decisions.
The professional structure of NAVIN is the Secretariat. The secretariat has a mix of functional departments and project departments. Programme Planning Unit, Administrative and Finance Unit, Information and Advocacy Unit can be categorized as functional departments. Similarly Rural Energy and Environment Unit can be categorized as project department. All the units have horizontal linkage between them and are accountable to Executive Director who in turn is accountable to the political board.
The financial source of the association, according to its constitution, are:
- Entry fee, membership fee as well as other financial resourcesreceived from the member
- Grants received from Government of Nepal
- Assistance received from international as well as national donor agencies, organizations, persons as well as other stakeholders
- Direct and indirect income generated by movable as well as immovable property of the association
- Direct and indirect income generated though investments made by the association
- Fees and funds collected from its employees, who have involved in providing consultation service to other parties/organization related to their profession.
Each member VDC makes payment of RS 500/- as entry fee and RS 2000/- as annual membership fee The 50% amount out of the membership fee so received is deposited in the fund of the concerned District committee. Membership Fee may be increased though general consensus among concerned stakeholders
NAVIN is represented in various national level forums which has supported it in establishing institutional linkages with national level stakeholders. Some of the important forums where NAVIN represents are: Decentralization Implementation and Monitoring Committee, Local Body Fiscal Commission, Poverty Alleviation Fund, Road Board, Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Fund Board, Child Friendly Local Governance National Committee, Environment Friendly Local Governance National Committee, Steering committees of various program and projects like Local Governance and Community Development Program (LGCDP), Multi Stakeholder Forestry Program (MSFP), Rural Energy Development Program (REDP), major stakeholder of Ministry of Population and Environment, Ministry of Home, Skill for Employment project, Community Environment Awareness and Management Project etc.
NAVIN has experience of working in close partnership with various bilateral as well as multilateral agencies. Brief summary of collaboration with major partners are given as:
- Danida had supported in strengthening overall institutional capacity of NAVIN and its District chapters since its establishment. Previously DASU/Danida and later on DanidaHUGOU had supported NAVIN’s program on strengthening local self governance in Nepal.
- REDP/UNDP is supporting NAVIN for Decentralized Rural Energy Planning and Management program and has been instrumental in establishing Rural Energy, Environment and Development Unit under NAVIN. Similarly, NAVIN is also involved with Alternative Energy Promotion Centre/Ministry of Environment Science and Technology in various programs on promoting rural energy. NAVIN is involved in conduction of Orientation and Training programs in rural energy, environment and local government.
- It has also conducted different activities under Bio-Gas Support Program (BSP) such as social auditing of biogas support program.
- NAVIN had conducted the extensive research in “capacity building” of VDCs to carry out the sectoral devolution in partnership with Enabling State Program of DFID
- NAVIN in partnership with Rural Development Program of GTZ was involved in preparing Periodic Plan Guidelines for member VDCs
- NAVIN had involved in child friendly local governance implementation in sub-national level and Immunization and polio eradication campaigns in national level under UNICEF
- NAVIN was involved in the preparation of VDC grant Implementation guideline 2065 and its revisions.
- NAVIN has developed software, which will be used in VDC profile preparation. NAVIN is piloting VDC profile development in various VDCs.
- Active engagements in different consortium thematic groups including MDGs localization campaign, SDG finalization discussions.
- NAVIN is a part of different consortium working in climate change and community level adaptation planning tools development, capacity development and policy feed-backs under ADB supports.